Although elected by voters in each judicial circuit, the prosecuting attorney represents the state of Indiana, and prosecutes violators of state statutes in all courts having criminal jurisdiction within the judicial circuit. This office is not strictly a county office. The prosecutor is elected to represent a judicial circuit. There are two judicial circuits that have boundaries larger than a single county.
The original authority for the prosecutor is found in Article 7, Section 16, of the Indiana Constitution. However, the General Assembly in statute has established the specific duties and responsibilities of the prosecutor’s office. (Generally see IC 33-39-2, for duties of the county prosecutor.)